Jewelry Setting and Gem Mounting Technique Dec 26, 2022Fashion “Jewelry Setting” and “gem mounting” could almost be synonyms for the same process. In reality, the two words are very different and introduce us to how gems are integrated into jewelry. Jewelry setting doesn’t refer to “setting” gems into jewelry. Instead, the term is a noun and references a piece of jewelry with an empty space for the jewelry to be later added. The term is the proper name for any piece of jewelry before its stone or stones are added–whether a ring, broach, necklace, or any other piece of jewelry. Until it has its gems, it should properly be considered a “jewelry setting.” Jewelry Setting and Gem Mounting – What Technique is the Best Choice for your Next Design? So, how does one go from having a “jewelry setting” to a finished piece? That’s where “gem mounting” comes in–the process of integrating the stone or stones. Gem mounting can vary dramatically, with styles and techniques varying between jewelers and unique considerations related to the materials used. However, as diverse as the particular details of the jewelry setting may be, we can look at several common “general practices” today. Channel Setting When a jeweler uses a “channel setting” process, it involves inserting the gemstones in a row between lengthwise bars, creating a “channel.” This style means no additional metal needs to be used between individual stones and also eliminates the use of prongs. To ensure a tight-fitting, grooves or notches are carved into the bars, which are designed to be spaced more narrowly than the stones placed between them. This approach is often seen in wedding bands. Another style of jewelry that often integrates the approach is referred to as “tennis bracelets” — named after a famous incident in 1987 when top tennis player Chris Evert wore a bracelet with a channel setting in the U.S. Open. Bezel Setting Among all of the techniques for jewelry setting, perhaps the oldest is the bezel setting. Despite its age, the bezel setting remains the most frequent style for cabochans (stones with curved tops and flat bottoms). In bezel settings, a length of metal is curved into the dimensions and shape of the stone, after which the piece of jewelry is connected to the metal with soldering. Once the stone is firmly entrenched into the bezel, the metal is draped over the gem to keep it fixed securely. This process is typically done by hand but may reduce the amount of light able to pierce through the gemstone–which can result in a less brilliant look of the gem than other setting methods. Pave setting Most used with small, round cut gemstones, pave setting entails a jeweler creating a series of small indentations, marginally smaller than the girdles of the gems that will be inserted. After fitting the gems inside these holes, the jeweler presses over these girdles with tiny prongs of raised gold. The process requires considerable skill from an experienced jeweler with specialized skills but can create a particularly striking effect when done properly. Prong Setting If bezel setting is known as one of the old methods of gem setting, then prong setting is the most popular method used today. Unsurprisingly, prong settings feature prongs–typically 3 to 4, but sometimes more depending on the weight and size of the stone being held in place. The prongs’ tips are designed with notches and bent edges to wrap around the edges of the tops of the stones, holding the gem firmly in place. This setting style is also typically accompanied by a wire “basket” under the stone, raising up the gem and often allowing additional light to pass through the stone. You may also hear this “basket” fitting sometimes described as a “head mounting.” Illusion setting Illusion settings are a type of setting that can make small gems look larger than they are. To achieve the effect, a jeweler encircles the girdle of the gem with extremely reflective metal so that the metal itself looks like it is a part of the gem. This can also be a useful technique for a jeweler to apply when they need to refit a piece of jewelry with a smaller stone than it may have been originally designed for. Of course, these techniques only scratch the surface of the various techniques involved. For a more extensive breakdown of which techniques may be best for your next project, or any other questions you may have on jewelry manufacturing, our experts here at Royi Sal would love to hear from you! As your premiere jewelry partners, we’re always eager to help support you in your jewelry manufacturing aspirations.